As we all know, special industries such as fire protection and electric welding have special fire-resistant clothing. The fabrics have been flame-retardant. Once a fire occurs, it can significantly delay the spread of the flame and reduce the damage to the human body. However, when consumers buy clothes, they often pay attention to the softness and air permeability of the fabric. Few consumers pay attention to the burning performance of the fabric.
In fact, whether natural fabrics or chemical fiber fabrics, most of the fabrics may be burned, and the level of ignition point affects the burning speed. In life, once a person’s clothing encounters a flame, even if the burning speed of the fabric is delayed by one second, it can buy people more time to extinguish the flame or take off the burning clothing, reducing and avoiding more serious problems. Burns and scalds. The following briefly introduces the ignition points of several common fabrics.
Ignition point around 200℃
It ignites just near the flame and burns quickly. It emits a paper smell. After burning, there is very little powder ashes, which is black or gray.
Ignition point 400℃
The silk shrunk into a mass when it encounters fire, and the burning speed is slow, accompanied by a sizzling sound, and it emits a scorching smell of hair. After burning, it forms into dark-brown ball-shaped ashes, which shatters when twisted by hand.
Usually the ignition point is 150℃
Under normal circumstances, when the flame reaches about 150°C, the chemical fiber will burn rapidly, and a piece of chemical fiber clothing will burn out in just over 10 seconds. When some chemical fiber fabrics are burned, they will emit toxic smoke, causing harm to the human body.
In addition, the reaction of the fabric after burning also determines whether it will cause further damage to the human body.
Take "Chiffon" which is very popular in recent years as an example. "Chiffon" includes two kinds of silk chiffon and chemical fiber chiffon. Among them, chemical fiber chiffon is favored by many ladies who love beauty because of its lightness, softness, resistance to discoloration, and high quality and low price. However, what many people do not know is that the composition of chemical fiber chiffon is generally 100% polyester. Like most chemical fiber fabrics such as nylon, polyester, and acrylic, once it burns, it will shrink and melt, and the viscous melt will It is attached to the skin, and even drips of hot melt droplets, deepening and aggravating skin burns; chemical substances produced by the burning of chemical fiber fabrics adhere to skin wounds, which may further cause adverse effects on human skin tissues.
Natural fabrics such as cotton, linen, silk, and wool are all organic materials, and the burning part will be quickly charred after a fire, without melting; silk and wool will extinguish themselves quickly after leaving the fire, which will reduce the degree of harm to the human body again. In addition to the type of fabric, the weight and weave of the fabric are also one of the factors that affect the combustion. For example, denim is a kind of cotton, but because of its high density and wear resistance, it is less likely to catch fire.
Therefore, when people buy clothing, especially close-fitting clothing, they can give priority to natural fabrics, clothing with a certain flame-retardant effect and higher textile density, which will give people more safety protection.
Xinxiang Yulong Textile Co., Ltd. has spent 19 years. We specialize in the production of various flame retardant fabrics and flame retardant tooling. The products meet the requirements of OEKO-TEX STANDARD 100, and their flame retardancy can reach EN11611, EN11612, NFPA2112 and other standards. If necessary, please contact us in time.